The European Commission (EC) has adopted the revised toy trampoline standard EN 71-14:2018 as showing compliance with European Union (EU) Directive 2009/48/EC, the so-called European Toy Safety Directive (TSD). The decision was published in the Official Journal of the EU (OJEU) on July 22, 2019.
The primary changes in EN 71-14:2018 relate to:
- Buried trampolines
- Mat deflection multiplying factor
So-called buried trampolines were previously excluded from the standard and therefore required EC type examined by a Notified Body. Their inclusion means EN 71-14:2018 can now be used to show compliance with the TSD.
A buried trampoline is one that the manufacturer states needs a hole to be dug during the installation. They come in two forms:
- Raised buried trampolines, where the frame is levelled above the ground. This form needs to be equipped with an enclosure
- Ground levelled buried trampolines, where the frame is levelled with the ground. This form needs to either be equipped with an enclosure or there must be a one-meter wide soft surface around the jumping area
The changes related to the mat deflection factor are intended to ensure that the mat does not touch the ground during bouncing, taking into account static and dynamic forces. The mat deflection factor is a multiplying factor used for these calculations.
In the previous version of the standard, the multiplying factor was 2.5. This has been increased to 5 for all trampolines, except in the instance of mini trampolines where 2.5 is still used.
Stakeholders should also be aware that the requirements for buried trampolines are also more stringent for the remaining distance to the ground in maximal deflected state, in comparison to non-buried trampolines. This considers the effects of back fill from debris into the hole.
In addition to these changes, the new version of the standard also has modifications relating to:
- Trampoline categories
- Trampoline construction
- Durability of materials
- Finger entrapment
- Mat deflection
- Tool for assessing a correct hole depth for buried trampolines
- Warnings, markings and instructions for use
- Test methods
Stakeholders are advised to check their products against the latest version of EN 71-14. The previous version of the standard, EN 71-14:2014+A1:2017, may be used until January 22, 2020.
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